How to write in English your graduation project, a research paper, a master’s thesis, or a doctorate in a sound scientific manner and away from plagiarism (copy and paste) and you have a supervisor or professor. Certainly, you can benefit your students with this subject.
After consulting with specialists from the Finnish Alto University, including authors and reviewers in international scientific periodicals and journals, and they are responsible for teaching students and qualifying them for scientific writing in a correct manner.
There are several important and approved sites to take your hand in this direction, even if you have a specific problem in writing, you can address it accordingly. We have some important Guidelines for you.
Details About English Academic Writing Process
1) On Writing (Academic Phrasebank)
The Academic Phrasebank is a general resource for academic writers. It aims to provide you with examples of some of the phraseological ‘nuts and bolts’ of writing organised according to the main sections of a research paper or dissertation. The resource should be particularly useful for writers who need to report their research work.
The phrases, and the headings under which they are listed, can be used simply to assist you in thinking about the content and organisation of your own writing, or the phrases can be incorporated into your writing where this is appropriate.
In most cases, a certain amount of creativity and adaptation will be necessary when a phrase is used. The items in the Academic Phrasebank are mostly content neutral and generic in nature; in using them, therefore, you are not stealing other people’s ideas and this does not constitute plagiarism.
For some of the entries, specific content words have been included for illustrative purposes, and these should be substituted when the phrases are used. The resource was designed primarily for academic and scientific writers who are non-native speakers of English. However, native speaker writers may still find much of the material helpful. In fact, recent data suggest that the majority of users are native speakers of English.
Coherence analysis is a method developed on the base of classic coherence analysis and signal’s joint time-frequency representations in recent years. It was used to extract transient characteristics of interactions among brain areas. It describes the temporal, spatial and frequency relationships of brain activities.
Features of academic writing Source
Academic writing in English is linear, which means it has one central point or theme with every part contributing to the mainline of argument, without digressions or repetitions. Its objective is to inform rather than entertain. As well as this it is in the standard written form of the language.
There are ten main features of academic writing that are often discussed. Academic writing is to some extent: complex, formal, objective, explicit, hedged, and responsible. It uses language precisely and accurately. It is also well organised and planned.
A paragraph is a series of sentences that are organized and coherent, and are all related to a single topic. Almost every piece of writing you do that is longer than a few sentences should be organized into paragraphs. Regardless of the kind of information they contain, all paragraphs share certain characteristics.
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Thesis vs purpose statement
A thesis statement is a sentence that makes an assertion about a topic and predicts how the topic will be developed. It does not simply announce a topic: it says something about the topic.
Good: X has made a significant impact on the teenage population due to its . . . Bad: In this paper, I will discuss X.
A thesis statement makes a promise to the reader about the scope, purpose, and direction of the paper. It summarizes the conclusions that the writer has reached about the topic.
A thesis statement is generally located near the end of the introduction. Sometimes in a long paper, the thesis will be expressed in several sentences or an entire paragraph.
A thesis statement is focused and specific enough to be proven within the boundaries of the paper. Key words (nouns and verbs) should be specific, accurate, and indicative of the range of research, thrust of the argument or analysis, and the organization of supporting information.
A purpose statement announces the purpose, scope, and direction of the paper. It tells the reader what to expect in a paper and what the specific focus will be.
Common beginnings include:
“This paper examines . . .,” “The aim of this paper is to . . .,” and “The purpose of this essay is to . . .”
A purpose statement makes a promise to the reader about the development of the argument but does not preview the particular conclusions that the writer has drawn.
A purpose statement usually appears toward the end of the introduction. The purpose statement may be expressed in several sentences or even an entire paragraph.
A purpose statement is specific enough to satisfy the requirements of the assignment. Purpose statements are common in research papers in some academic disciplines, while in other disciplines they are considered too blunt or direct. If you are unsure about using a purpose statement, ask your instructor.
Thesis statement generator
This web page explains the different parts to a thesis statement and helps you create your own. You can click on the example button in each section to see an example of a thesis statement.
As you write, use transition words to help you organize information effectively. Transitions can help signal connections between the main idea and supporting ideas. They can also signify comparisons or contrasts, and transition words are an excellent way to introduce and identify related concepts.
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Defining & non-defining Relative Clauses
A relative clause is one kind of dependent clause. It has a subject and verb, but can’t stand alone as a sentence. … A relative clause always begins with a “relative pronoun,” which substitutes for a noun, a noun phrase, or a pronoun when sentences are combined. Study the situations and then decide whether the following relative clauses are defining or non-defining.
That VS what
- Online Grammar Guide
- Guide to Grammar and Writing
- Offers advice on sentences and paragraphs
- Online English Grammar Provides a complete grammar handbook. http://www.edufind.com/
- Purdue OWL
- Offers handouts and tutorials on a variety of topics http://owl.english.purdue.edu/
- Free tool for fixing grammar mistakes https://www.grammarly.com/
- Harvard citation style – all examples http://guides.is.uwa.edu.au/c.
- Commenting on a graph
- Writer’s guide
- MOT dictionary
- http://www.ldoceonline.com/ (shows the level of formality for the words)
- Dictionary (visual)
- https://visuwords.com/ (represents words visually)
eng/ (for checking what type of company the words keep)